Landscape & Habitat Fact Sheets

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The Arctic is a fragile yet harsh environment. Few tree species grow here, and most reptiles and other cold-blooded creatures cannot survive. But despite its extreme cold, snow and powerful winds, the Arctic is home to resilient wildlife adapted to withstand and even thrive in these tough conditions.


Coral reefs contain some of the largest diversity of life in the world. They are home to thousands of different plants and animals. For example, coral reefs in the Florida Keys sustain 500 species of fish, more than 1700 species of mollusks, five species of sea turtles, and hundreds of species of sponges.
Though they contain very harsh conditions, deserts are home to a wide variety of plants and animals.
Forests occupy one third of the Earth's land area and are found on all corners of the globe. While there are a few different types of forests, all forests have trees as the dominant plant type.
Dominated by grasses, these lands are home to many types of grazing animals, but very few are protected.
Oceans cover approximately 70% of the earth’s surface and support a great diversity of life and habitats.
Wetlands are the link between land and water, and are vital to wildlife, including one-third of endangered species.