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Size: One of the largest woodpecker species is the ivory-billed woodpecker, which was thought to be extinct for the greater part of the 20th century and then rediscovered in 2005. This species measures from 19 to 21 inches in length and weighs from 1 to 1.25 pounds. The smallest woodpecker in North America is the downy woodpecker, which reaches only 6 or 7 inches in length.
Lifespan: On average, woodpeckers live from 4-11 years.