Defenders of Wildlife produces many reports, fact sheets, tip sheets and other types of publications.

Use the dropdown boxes below to find publications related to specific animals, conservation issues, and regions.


Defenders of Wildlife reviewed 11 recent reports on climate science, impacts and vulnerability of terrestrial, freshwater and marine wildlife and habitats. Here, we have compiled the key findings for U.S. Forest Service leaders and staff and members of the public interested in helping vulnerable species and landscapes survive the changes ahead.
The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) clearly has a role to play in how projects with a federal nexus prepare for climate change.
In this paper, Defenders’ experts explore the ways that officials can better incorporate climate change preparation into the National Environmental Policy Act, the most significant piece of federal legislation guiding environmental analysis and decision-making.
The Fish and Wildlife Service urgently needs to better understand and incorporate climate change and sea level rise implications into its land acquisition planning to avoid investments that will ultimately be literally underwater.
Report on how climate change should affect CITES listing and decision-making.
We use SLAMM modeling to estimate the likely impacts of sea level rise on eight coastal National Wildlife Refuges, focusing on both land already part of the refuges and lands that have been targeted for acquisition. We provide recommendations on how the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service can maximize the value of their conservation investments in light of sea-level rise.
A six-page "executive summary" of the impacts of sea level rise on National Wildlife Refuge land protection priorities.
Wetlands,  © Joe LeFevre
“Harnessing Nature” describes how communities are using ecosystem-based tools to ameliorate severe weather risks that are likely to be worsened by climate change. After summarizing 2011’s climate-related devastation, the report presents case studies on ecosystem restoration and enhancement to reduce the risk of floods (Missouri River floodplain restoration and St. John’s River watershed restoration); heat waves and drought (New York’s PlaNYC and Chicago’s Green Infrastructure); wild fires (Sierra Nevadas’ Dinkey landscape restoration and longleaf pine restoration), and sea level rise (Maryland’s Living Shorelines and beach grass restoration in Texas). The report concludes with recommendations for broadening the use of ecosystem-based tools for adaptation to climate change.
This report is based on the presentations and discussions of a workshop held by Mike Bryant, Lou Hinds and Noah Matson. The presentation was titled: “Refuges, Neighbors and Sea-level Rise.” The report examines the impact of sea-level rise, due to climate change, on our National Wildlife Refuge system.
Executive Summary: Technical report summarizing work with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) to incorporate climate change into the State Wildlife Action Plan. Defenders' worked with the FWC to evaluate the application of a particular vulnerability assessment tool, the NatureServe Climate Change Vulnerability Index, to help inform management priorities and the design of appropriate climate change adaptation strategies for targeted species. This report illustrates a process for incorporating vulnerability assessments with conceptual modeling as part of a comprehensive planning framework to identify adaptation strategies and management opportunities for species likely to be vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.