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Larger penguin species are found in colder climates where their large body mass enables them to cope with the conditions, while smaller penguins inhabit warmer climes. The emperor penguin breeds in the coldest environment of any bird species; air temperatures may reach -40° (F/C), and wind speeds may reach 89 miles per hour (144 km/hr)! African penguins have spots on their chest that are like human fingerprints: no two are the same!
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Known for its donkey like bray, the African penguin is currently facing potential extinction as warming oceans around the southern tip of Africa continue to move its food source further away from its home.
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Size: The blue penguin, also known as the fairy penguin, is the smallest of the penguin species at 16 inches tall (.41m). It weighs about 2.2 (1 kg) pounds. The largest penguin species is the emperor penguin, which is about 3.7 feet (1.1m) tall and weighs between 60 and 90 pounds (27-41 kg).
Lifespan: 15 to 20 years depending on the species.