Publications

Defenders of Wildlife produces many reports, fact sheets, tip sheets and other types of publications.

Use the dropdown boxes below to find publications related to specific animals, conservation issues, and regions.

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The available funding to recover threatened and endangered species will likely continue to be limited. Given this harsh reality, explicit prioritization of recovery actions is increasingly necessary. FWS, BLM and other federal agencies can begin making smarter decisions about their funding through modest forms of prioritization. This paper describes three recent examples of programs that use explicit criteria to decide which competing conservation actions to fund. The paper concludes with recommendations on how agencies can improve and expand on these systems.
Defenders of Wildlife's comments on the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's draft “Strategic Growth Policy” for the National Wildlife Refuge System. The draft policy is intended to guide how the Fish and Wildlife Service will add lands and new wildlife refuges to the Refuge System.
This report describes how we identified unreported habitat disturbance under the Texas Habitat Conservation Plan for the Dunes Sagebrush Lizard.
Part I of this report describes how we identified unreported habitat disturbance under the Texas Habitat Conservation Plan for the Dunes Sagebrush Lizard.
This supplemental presentation illustrates the claims made in "Habitat Disturbances Under the Texas Habitat Conservation Plan for the Dunes Sagebrush Lizard" using satellite imagery that clearly shows instances of unreported habitat disturbance.
When President Richard M. Nixon signed the Endangered Species Act (ESA) into law, America was at a conservation crossroads. Would we as a nation accept a future of vanishing species? Or would we have the wisdom, courage and vision to protect our nation’s natural heritage for future generations? Thankfully, we chose the path of protection, passing the ESA and paving the way for some of our nation’s greatest conservation success stories. Today this landmark legislation faces new challenges that require the same measure of courage and vision.
This is the first study to evaluate every candidate conservation agreement with assurances (CCAA) issued through 2012. It first analyzes how and when CCAAs have been used, and then describes recommended improvements to CCAA implementation.
For almost 40 years, the Endangered Species Act (ESA) has helped prevent the extinction of our national treasures. Learn about the species of the West that the ESA has saved from the threat of extinction and put back on the road to recovery. Included in this factsheet: Aleutian Canada goose, Columbia whitetail deer, grizzly bear, gray wolf of the northern Rockies, and southern sea otter.
For almost 40 years, the Endangered Species Act (ESA) has helped prevent the extinction of our national treasures. Learn about the species of the Southwest that the ESA has saved from the threat of extinction and put back on the road to recovery. Included in this factsheet: Aplomado falcon, Apache trout, southwestern willow flycatcher and whooping crane.
For almost 40 years, the Endangered Species Act (ESA) has helped prevent the extinction of our national treasures. Learn about the species of the Southeast that the ESA has saved from the threat of extinction and put back on the road to recovery. Included in this factsheet: Sea turtles, manatee, red-cockaded woodpecker and Florida panther.

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