Publications

Defenders of Wildlife produces many reports, fact sheets, tip sheets and other types of publications.

Use the dropdown boxes below to find publications related to specific animals, conservation issues, and regions.

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A Comparison of the U.S. Fish& Wildlife Service, National Park Service, and U.S. Forest Service Climate Change Strategies
Defenders of Wildlife technical comments on the Fish and Wildlife Service Climate Change Strategic Plan and 5-Year Action Plan
This report provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of climate change science, with specific emphasis on impacts in North Carolina and the Southeast, the potential vulnerability of wildlife and their habitats, and the options for response through conservation planning and adaptive management. This report was produced in close cooperation with the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, and was developed as a model to inform the revision of State Wildlife Action Plans nationwide.
Letter requesting Senate to vote for natural resources climate change adaptation funding
Malaria is a debilitating illness caused by protozoan parasites - single-celled organisms that are much larger and more complex than bacteria or viruses. Because it is a protozoan, malaria cannot be treated with antibiotics, nor has a vaccine been developed. In humans, malaria poses an enormous public health challenge, with 900 million cases per year and 2.7 million deaths (USAID, undated).
Many factors drive amphibian decline, with habitat loss and pollution long established as important threats to many species. Over the past decade, however, diseases—particularly the fungus chytridiomycosis—have emerged as another important driver. Even worse, Chytridiomycosis may be interacting with climate change and other stresses to drive species toward extinction.
The Hawaiian Islands, formed over millions of years by volcanic activity in the Pacific Ocean, are comprised of eight major islands and 800 miles of small islands, atolls, and coral reefs that form the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge. The most isolated island chain on Earth, the archipelago is one of the world’s hotspots of endangered biodiversity.
Marine food webs are changing, and for the birds, marine mammals and fish that depend on them, not for the better. Climate changes are altering patterns of nutrient upwellings, timing of fish spawning, and generally upsetting the food web, forcing more of the seabirds and marine mammals to travel longer distances to find food or to rely on suboptimal prey that offer less caloric reward for the effort expended in capturing them.
Not all deserts are the same—in fact, the state of Arizona has four distinct deserts, differentiated by their geography, elevation, rainfall patterns, and plant and animal species. The Sonoran Desert encompasses 120,000 square miles of southwestern Arizona, southeastern California, and in Mexico, northwestern Sonora and most of the Baja Peninsula. With nearly 3500 species of plants, 500 species of birds, and 1,000 species of bees, the Sonoran is the most biodiverse desert on earth.

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