Publications

Defenders of Wildlife produces many reports, fact sheets, tip sheets and other types of publications.

Use the dropdown boxes below to find publications related to specific animals, conservation issues, and regions.

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A Comparison of the U.S. Fish& Wildlife Service, National Park Service, and U.S. Forest Service Climate Change Strategies
Defenders of Wildlife technical comments on the Fish and Wildlife Service Climate Change Strategic Plan and 5-Year Action Plan
This report provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of climate change science, with specific emphasis on impacts in North Carolina and the Southeast, the potential vulnerability of wildlife and their habitats, and the options for response through conservation planning and adaptive management. This report was produced in close cooperation with the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, and was developed as a model to inform the revision of State Wildlife Action Plans nationwide.
Letter requesting Senate to vote for natural resources climate change adaptation funding
Malaria is a debilitating illness caused by protozoan parasites - single-celled organisms that are much larger and more complex than bacteria or viruses. Because it is a protozoan, malaria cannot be treated with antibiotics, nor has a vaccine been developed. In humans, malaria poses an enormous public health challenge, with 900 million cases per year and 2.7 million deaths (USAID, undated).
Many factors drive amphibian decline, with habitat loss and pollution long established as important threats to many species. Over the past decade, however, diseases—particularly the fungus chytridiomycosis—have emerged as another important driver. Even worse, Chytridiomycosis may be interacting with climate change and other stresses to drive species toward extinction.
The world’s oceans play a tremendously important role in the global dynamics of the carbon dioxide (CO2) that is released by the burning of fossil fuels, the clearing of forests, and industrial processes.
Suitable pika habitat is restricted to regions of less than 30 days per year above 95°F. They keep their warm winter coats year-round, and are thus very sensitive to air temperatures above about 75°F. Long exposure to these temperatures kills them outright. The climate warming we have experienced over the last century is already having an effect, particularly in the southern part of their range – New Mexico, Nevada, California and Utah.
Assessing the vulnerability of wildlife to climate change is a key part of the adaptation planning process and helps practitioners design effective adaptation strategies. Vulnerability refers to the degree to which a species or other conservation target (such as a habitat type) is likely to experience harm from a threat such as climate change.

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