Publications

Defenders of Wildlife produces many reports, fact sheets, tip sheets and other types of publications.

Use the dropdown boxes below to find publications related to specific animals, conservation issues, and regions.

Wildlife shipments were denied entry to the United States from at least 214 countries and territories worldwide between 2005 and 2014, according to data from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Law Enforcement Management Information System (LEMIS). To get a better understanding of this data, Defenders of Wildlife looked closely at the trade routes used for these shipments.
The illegal trade in live animals is a booming business involving pet stores, collectors and individuals seeking exotic species from around the world. To get a handle on this trade, Defenders of Wildlife analyzed data form the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Law Enforcement Management Information System on wildlife shipments containing live animals that were denied entry to the United States from 2005 to 2014.
© Ed Gullekson
The Latin American region, including Mexico and the Caribbean, is often overlooked in the discussion on wildlife trafficking. However, in the last decade, from 2005 to 2014, 13,325 shipments of wildlife and wildlife products—out of 49,334 worldwide—originated in Latin America and were denied entry by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service at U.S. ports of entry.
This paper presents a model process for developing meaningful regional mitigation goals and objectives for utility-scale solar energy in Arizona, with a focus on compensatory mitigation.
The US Endangered Species Act is the most comprehensive law any nation has enacted to protect imperiled species. Many of its protections come from section 7 of the Act, but how government regulators use this tool is poorly understood.
The Species Survival Network Shark Working Group is pleased to provide to you the fourth issue of SSN Sharks, a publication regarding sharks, rays, and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
alligator, © Dolores Rose
Defenders of Wildlife analyzed LEMIS data from 2005 to 2014, during which time some 49,334 imported shipments from around the world were denied entry into the United States by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Office of Law Enforcement.
Discussions on combating wildlife trafficking have focused mainly on elephants, rhinos and tigers in Africa and Asia. Often forgotten, however, is the fact that wildlife trafficking occurs across all continents and threatens a wide range of imperiled species, including exotic birds, sea turtles, coral, caimans, iguanas, pangolins and land tortoises. This report draws attention to two important regions involved in wildlife trafficking that are often overlooked: the United States and Latin America.
Para prestar la atención necesaria a esta crisis de tráfico ilegal de vida silvestre, y para entender mejor los vínculos entre los Estados Unidos y Latinoamérica, Defenders of Wildlife realizó un análisis extensivo de los datos colectados por uno de los sistemas de monitoreo de comercio de vida silvestre más completos en el mundo, el Sistema de Información de Gestión de Aplicación de la Ley (LEMIS) manejado por el U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS).
To focus much needed attention on the wildlife trafficking crisis in Latin America, and to better understand the links between this region and the United States, Defenders of Wildlife analyzed data collected by the Law Enforcement Management Information System, to identify trade routes, most commonly trafficked animals and products, the capacity of law enforcement to handle the problem, and more. This brief brochure summarizes our findings.

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