Publications

Defenders of Wildlife produces many reports, fact sheets, tip sheets and other types of publications.

Use the dropdown boxes below to find publications related to specific animals, conservation issues, and regions.

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Testimony of Defenders' Vice President for Landscape Conservation and Climate Adaptation before the House Natural Resources Committee at am oversight hearing entitled "Oil and Gas Activities within Our Nation's National Wildlife Refuge System" held May 20th, 2014. In the testimony, Defenders highlights the need for tracking of the impacts of oil and gas development on National Wildlife Refuges, the costs to taxpayers to maintain and restore ecosystems after wells are abandoned and the existing authority of the US Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Park Service on this matter.
On April 30, 2014, the Natural Resources Committee approved four bills pulled directly from a slanted and biased anti-Endangered Species Act report. These bills would severely curtail the ESA’s ability to protect the nation’s most imperiled species.
Conservation buffer, © Lynn Betts/USDA NRCS
This report provides an overview of the 2014 conservation programs and reviews their changes, challenges and opportunities within the context of the 2014 Farm Bill. Defenders of Wildlife provides recommendations on how to best address conservation needs through these programs.
Sage-Grouse, Photo: USFWS Pacific Southwest Region
This paper evaluates the potential conservation impacts of the 2014 Farm Bill and gives recommendations on the best ways to target agricultural programs to yield the best wildlife outcomes.
The available funding to recover threatened and endangered species will likely continue to be limited. Given this harsh reality, explicit prioritization of recovery actions is increasingly necessary. FWS, BLM and other federal agencies can begin making smarter decisions about their funding through modest forms of prioritization. This paper describes three recent examples of programs that use explicit criteria to decide which competing conservation actions to fund. The paper concludes with recommendations on how agencies can improve and expand on these systems.
Guiding principles to encourage interdisciplinary approaches to assessing the social, ecological, and economic benefits of ecosystems and biodiversity, and their interdependent relationships. Reports developed at a workshop held in July 2013 at Portland State University in Portland, Oregon.
In 2011, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) announced that it will consider listing the sage-grouse under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 2015. This pending deadline prompted federal agencies to initiate the National Greater Sage-Grouse Planning Strategy, an effort to update land-use plans with new measures to conserve sage-grouse and potentially preclude the need to list the species.
Defenders of Wildlife's comments on the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's draft “Strategic Growth Policy” for the National Wildlife Refuge System. The draft policy is intended to guide how the Fish and Wildlife Service will add lands and new wildlife refuges to the Refuge System.
Testimony of Defenders' Vice President for Landscape Conservation and Climate Adaptation before the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee at a hearing titled "Natural Resources Adaptation: Protecting ecosystems and economies" held February 25, 2014. In the testimony, Defenders highlights the need to maintain and restore ecosystems to prepare society for the impacts of climate change, and to provide more resources and policy direction to land and wildlife managers to assist them in coping with climate change. The testimony recommends enacting the SAFE Act, implementing the National Fish, Wildlife and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy, and conserving large, connected landscapes.
United States agricultural policy has huge impacts upon wildlife and its habitats. Historically, subsidy payments were tied to requirements that farmers take basic conservation measures (conservation compliance) on their lands. With the emergence of crop insurance as a large part of the farm safety net it is critical to link conservation compliance with these policies in order to protect our lands, water and habitat that wildlife depends upon.

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