Larger penguin species are found in colder climates where their large body mass enables them to cope with the conditions, while smaller penguins inhabit warmer climes. The emperor penguin breeds in the coldest environment of any bird species; air temperatures may reach -40° (F/C), and wind speeds may reach 89 miles per hour (144 km/hr)! African penguins have spots on their chest that are like human fingerprints: no two are the same!
Featured: Penguins - Feeling the Heat with Jeff Corwin
Known for its donkey like bray, the African penguin is currently facing potential extinction as warming oceans around the southern tip of Africa continue to move its food source further away from its home.