Protection Status

Endangered »

Endangered Species Act

Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), all five species of rhinoceros are listed as endangered, which means they in danger of extinction within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of their range.

Critically Endangered »

IUCN Red List

The black, Sumatran, and Javan rhinoceroses are all listed as critically endangered, meaning the calculated probability of their extinction in the next 10 years is greater than 50%. 
The Indian rhino is listed as vulnerable, meaning its probability of extinction during the next 20 years is at least 10%. 
Sadly, the northern white rhino – a subspecies of the white rhino – has been completely wiped out. No animals remain in the wild, and with only 5 left in captivity, this subspecies faces certain extinction, with only the southern white rhino remaining. The white rhino species is listed as near threatened, meaning it is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.
Appendix I »


All five species of rhino are listed under CITES Appendix I