Protection Status

Endangered

Endangered Species Act

Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the Galapagos penguin is listed as endangered.

Endangered

IUCN Red List

Out of the 18 penguin species listed, four are listed as endangered, seven as vulnerable, and two as near threatened.

Appendix I

CITES

The Humboldt penguin is protected under Appendix I and the African penguin is protected under Appendix II.