Protection Status

Endangered

Endangered Species Act

Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), Hawaiian monk seals are listed as endangered, which means they in danger of extinction within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of their range.

Critically Endangered

IUCN Red List

The Hawaiian monk seal is listed as critically endangered, meaning it is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild: the calculated probability of extinction during the next 10 years is greater than 50%.

Appendix I

CITES

The Hawiian monk seal is listed under CITES Appendix I, which prohibits all commercial trade.