Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), African elephants are listed as threatened, which means they are likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of their range. Asian elephants are listed as endangered, which means they in danger of extinction within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of their range.
IUCN Red List: African elephants are listed as near threatened, meaning it is is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future. Asian elephants are listed as endangered, meaning they are considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild
CITES: Elephants are listed under CITES Appendix I, except in Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia where the African elephant is listed as an Appendix II species.3 The March 2010 meeting brought a bit of good news for elephants when two proposals to allow sales of elephant ivory stockpiles were rejected.
African elephants are also protected by the African Elephant Conservation Act, whosepurpose is to perpetuate healthy populations of African elephants.